5 -Panel: Tests for 5 drugs: Marijuana, Cocaine, Amphetamines, Opiates, and Phencyclidine.
7-Panel: Tests for all drugs in 5 Panel plus Barbiturates and Benzodiazepines.
9-Panel: Tests for all drugs in 7 panel plus Methadone and Propoxyphene.
10-Panel: Tests for all drugs in 9 panel plus Methaqualone (aka quaaludes). Quaaludes were very popular in the 80’s. It is a non-barbiturate sedative that acts as a depressant on the central nervous system. There has not been a positive test for methaqualone in the previous 4 years in the U.S. Some labs do not offer this panel of testing.
Chain of Custody: The procedure used to document the handling of a urine specimen from the time the employee reports for a test until the specimen is analyzed and disposed of by the laboratory. Info Cubic provides Chain of Custody forms to document all stages of the process.
Collection Site/Collection Facility: The location where the specimen is
collected for a drug test. It can be a medical office, an urgent care facility, or a
patient service center like Quest or LabCorp.
Detection Windows: The length of time in which a test detects drugs or their metabolites in the body.
DOT Testing (Department of Transportation): Companies that are mandated to drug test per the Department of Transportation have specific regulations that must be followed. This type of testing only applies to companies that have DOT covered employees. Includes a standard 5-panel test, breath alcohol test and a physical examination.
Health Care Panel: Tests for 12 to 14 drugs. This is a customized panel which tests for commonly abused prescription drugs. It is more expensive compared to the 5, 7, and 9 panel tests.
Laboratory: Where drug testing specimens are sent to be analyzed. All laboratories used by Info Cubic are nationally accredited and SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) certified.
Medical Review Officer (MRO): An MRO is a physician trained in toxicology. When a test is determined by a laboratory to be positive, the report should be sent to the MRO for further review. The MRO attempts to contact the candidate and determine if there is a valid medical explanation for the results of their test, which could be anything from over-the-counter drugs to valid prescription drugs. If the MRO is able to determine a valid explanation for the test results, he will issue a verified negative result for the test. An MRO review is a very important part of any Drug Testing program.
Non-Negative: Term applied to any instant Drug Test that is initially determined to not give a negative result. A Drug Test is not technically considered to be a positive result until after laboratory analysis.
Non-Regulated Industry: Phrase that applies to all companies that are
not DOT regulated.
Post-Accident Testing: When an employee must go for a drug test after an accident to determine if he/she was under the influence of drugs or alcohol at the time of the accident. Post-Accident testing is often used in the transportation, manufacturing, and construction industries or when a company vehicle is involved. This type of testing can reduce the company’s liability.
Companies that implement this type of testing are often eligible for lower insurance and worker’s compensation rates.
Pre-Employment Testing: Any company can benefit from Pre-Employment Testing when a drug test is administered prior to hiring. Pre-Employment Testing is a company’s first line of defense in ensuring a drug-free workplace. Companies that implement this type of testing can save money by minimizing
worker’s compensation claims, lowering insurance rates, decreasing turnover
and increasing workplace productivity.
Probable Cause/For Cause/Reasonable Cause/Reasonable Suspicion Testing:
These terms are all different names used for the same type of testing.
Typically this term applies when an individual is suspected to be under the
influence of drugs or alcohol while at work. This term should be defined within
a company’s Drug Testing policy to prevent discrimination.
Quest: A nationwide network of certified collection sites available through Info Cubic for off-site testing. Info Cubic Drug Testing clients can search for sites close to them through the site directories found on the Info Cubic web page.
Random Testing: Info Cubic uses computerized Random Testing software which alleviates concern about discrimination in employee selection for random testing. Employers designate the percentages and intervals at which they want to conduct Random Testing. All employees in the database have an equal chance of being selected each time. The computer will select the appropriate number of participants and alternates, and print notification letters for the selected employees. Upon request, Info Cubic can provide
an audit trail of all random selections.
TPA (Third Party Administrator): A service agent that provides or coordinates a variety of drug and alcohol testing services to employers. TPAs typically perform administrative tasks concerning the operation of employers’ drug and alcohol testing programs. Info Cubic is a Third Party Administrator.